Market Turbulence Resulting from COVID-19. The outbreak of COVID-19 has negatively affected the worldwide economy, including the U.S. The future impact of COVID-19 is currently unknown, and it may exacerbate other risks that apply to the Fund.
Market Risk: The market price of a security may decline, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, due to general market conditions that are not specifically related to a particular issuer, company, or asset class. Local, regional or global events such as the spread of infectious illness or other events could have a significant impact on a security or instrument.
High Yield (“Junk Bond”) Risk: High yield (“junk”) bonds are speculative, involve greater risks of default, downgrade, or price declines and are more volatile and tend to be less liquid than investment-grade securities.
Closed-End Fund (CEF), Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) and open-end fund (Mutual Fund) risk: The Fund’s investments in CEFs, ETFs and Mutual Funds (“underlying funds”) are subject to various risks, including reliance on management’s ability to manage the underlying fund’s portfolio, risks associated with the underlying securities held by the underlying fund, fluctuation in the market value of the underlying fund’s shares, and the Fund bearing a pro rata share of the fees and expenses of each underlying fund in which the Fund invests.
Management and Strategy: The evaluation and selection of the Fund’s investments depend on the judgment of the Fund’s Sub-Advisor about the quality, relative yield, value or market trends affecting a particular security, industry, sector or region, which may prove to be incorrect.
Derivatives Risk: The Fund and the underlying funds may use futures contracts, options, swap agreements, and/or sell securities short. Futures contracts may cause the value of the Fund’s shares to be more volatile and expose the Fund to leverage and tracking risks; the Fund may not fully benefit from or may lose money on option or shorting strategies; swaps may be leveraged, are subject to counterparty risk and may be difficult to value or liquidate.
Futures Risk: Use of future contacts by the Fund or underlying funds may cause the value of the Fund’s share to be more volatile and exposes the Fund to leverage, tracking, and under certain market conditions, liquidity risk.
Leveraging Risk: The underlying Funds in which the Fund invests may be leveraged as a result of borrowing or other investment techniques. As a result, the Fund will be exposed indirectly to leverage through its investment in an underlying fund that utilizes leverage, which may expose the Fund to higher volatility and possible diminishment of long-term returns. Certain Fund transactions, including taking short positions in financial instruments, will give rise to a form of leverage. The use of leverage, such as entering into futures contracts, options, and short sales, may magnify the Fund’s gains or losses and make the Fund more volatile.
Fixed income/Interest Rate Risk: A rise in interest rates could negatively impact the value of the Fund’s shares. Generally, fixed income securities decrease in value if interest rates rise, and increase in value if interest rates fall, with longer-term securities being more sensitive than shorter-term securities.