Market Turbulence Resulting from COVID-19: The outbreak of COVID-19 has negatively affected the worldwide economy, including the U.S. The future impact of COVID-19 is currently unknown, and it may exacerbate other risks that apply to the Fund.
Market Risk: The market price of a security may decline, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, due to general market conditions that are not specifically related to a particular issuer, company, or asset class. Local, regional or global events such as the spread of infectious illness or other events could have a significant impact on a security or instrument.
Valuation Risk: From time to time, the Fund will need to fair-value portfolio securities at prices that differ from third party pricing inputs in order to more accurately reflect the sales price the Fund could receive in a reasonable period of time for any particular portfolio investment or groups of investments. Investors who purchase or redeem Fund shares on days when the Fund is pricing or holding fair-valued securities may pay a higher or lower price for the shares or may receive more or less redemption proceeds than they would have received if certain of the Fund’s securities had not been fair-valued, or if a different valuation methodology had been used. Such pricing differences can be significant and can occur quickly during times of market volatility, particularly for securities that trade in thin or illiquid markets.
Mortgage-backed securities: Subject to “prepayment risk” (the risk that borrowers will repay a loan more quickly in periods of falling interest rates) and “extension risk” (the risk that borrowers will repay a loan more slowly in periods of rising interest rates). If the Fund invests in mortgage-backed or asset-backed debt securities that are subordinated to other interests in the same pool, the Fund may receive payments only after the pool’s obligations to other investors have been satisfied. The risk of defaults is generally higher in the case of mortgage pools that include so-called “subprime” mortgages.
Liquidity Risk: The Fund may not be able to sell some or all of the investments that it holds due to a lack of demand in the marketplace or other factors such as market turmoil, or it may only be able to sell those investments at a loss. Liquid investments may become illiquid or less liquid after purchase by the Fund, particularly during periods of market turmoil. Illiquid and relatively less liquid investments may be harder to value, especially in changing markets.
High Yield (“Junk”) Bond Risk: Junk bonds are speculative investments which involve greater risk of default, downgrade, or price declines, can be more volatile and tend to be less liquid that investment-grade securities.
Management and Strategy. The evaluation and selection of the Fund’s investments depend on the judgment of the Fund’s Sub-Advisor about the quality, relative yield, value or market trends affecting a particular security, industry, sector or region, which may prove to be incorrect.
Credit Risk: If an issuer or guarantor of a debt security held by the Fund or a counterparty to a financial contract with the Fund defaults or is downgraded or is perceived to be less creditworthy, or if the value of the assets underlying a security declines, the value of the Fund’s portfolio will typically decline. The Fund’s securities are generally not guaranteed by any governmental agency.
Sector Focus Risk: The focus of the Fund’s portfolio on a specific sector, such as in mortgage-related securities, may present more risks than if the portfolio were broadly diversified over numerous sectors.
Fixed Income Securities Risk: The prices of fixed income securities respond to economic developments, particularly interest rate changes, as well as to changes in an issuer’s credit rating or market perceptions about the creditworthiness of an issuer. Generally fixed income securities decrease in value if interest rates rise and increase in value if interest rates fall, and longer-term and lower rated securities are more volatile than shorter-term and higher rated securities.
Interest Rate Risk: your investment may go down in value when interest rates rise, because when interest rates rise, the prices of bonds and fixed rate loans fall. Generally, the longer the maturity of a bond or fixed rate loan, the more sensitive it is to this risk. Falling interest rates also create the potential for a decline in the Fund’s income. These risks are greater during periods of rising inflation.